Special Report

Russia’s Shadow Soldiers The Wagner Group Gives Russian President Vladimir Putin Foreign Influence With Deniability

In Russia’s frenzied attempt to flex its muscles, get access to natural resources and increase its geopolitical relevance, it relies heavily on private military companies (PMCs). This strategy produces a small foreign footprint and offers the Kremlin plausible deniability while enriching a small circle of people.

President Vladimir Putin’s Russia favors the use of PMCs such as the Wagner Group when forging training and security deals with African nations while positioning itself to access mines and other rich resource repositories.

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Academia

China’s Use of Soft Power in Support of its Strategic Engagement in Latin America
China’s Use of Soft Power in Support of its Strategic Engagement in Latin America

Introduction The People’s Republic of China’s (PRC) expanding engagement and presence in Latin America and the Caribbean has captured the attention of political and business leaders and the people of the region, as well as the United States. Although the PRC’s engagement and use of “soft power” has political, cultural, security and other dimensions, the attention that the PRC commands in the region is arguably driven primarily by the pace of China’s rise, and the lure of benefiting from China through engagement and business. For Latin America and the Caribbean, the PRC’s rise has been most directly felt through the [ … ]

Insights of a Brazilian Peacekeeper in Updating the Implementing Guidelines on Protection of Civilians for Military Components of United Nations Peacekeeping Missions
Insights of a Brazilian Peacekeeper in Updating the Implementing Guidelines on Protection of Civilians for Military Components of United Nations Peacekeeping Missions

The recognition that Brazil has in the international scene regarding United Nations (U.N.) Peacekeeping Missions isn’t new nor recent. The 13 years that the Brazilian force was present in Haiti (2004-2017), with Brazilian officers leading the military component in the challenging roles as Force Commanders, have definitely taken the recognition of our troops to a higher level. The Brazilian Way of Peacekeeping, which is a combination of the characteristic attributed to Brazilians in the search to follow the path of negotiation and the peaceful resolution of conflicts, which can be found in the Brazilian Constitution, both in the internal and [ … ]

China’s Digital Advance in Latin America
China’s Digital Advance in Latin America

This article has been initially published in the Revista Seguridad y Poder Terrestre (Vol. 1 N.º 1 [2022]: July – September) of the Peruvian Army Center for Strategic Studies (CEEEP)https://ceeep.mil.pe/2022/06/30/chinas-digital-advance-in-latin-america/?lang=enDOI: https://doi.org/10.56221/spt.v1i1.5 Abstract This work examines activities by the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and its companies in digital technologies and associated economic sectors in Latin America, including telecommunications, surveillance, eCommerce, fintech, data centers, and smart cities. It finds that, despite obstacles arising from both resistance in the region and internal PRC politics, Chinese companies have made significant advances in these sectors, creating opportunities for them to leverage these positions to advance in other areas, while also [ … ]

Forums and Influence: Chinese Competitive Strategy and Multilateral Organizations in Latin America and the Caribbean
Forums and Influence: Chinese Competitive Strategy and Multilateral Organizations in Latin America and the Caribbean

The recent Summit of the Americas in Los Angeles was Washington’s big push to showcase the importance of multilateral forums in Latin America and the Caribbean as a shaping tool for developing a regional agenda and fostering coordination. Of course, the administration of President Joe Biden did not extend an invitation to the People’s Republic of China (PRC), but China was on everyone’s mind. “It’s much better for us… to have a supply chain here in the Americas than it is for us to be dependent on a supply chain that comes from China,” U.S. Ambassador to Mexico Ken Salazar [ … ]

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U.S. Air Force Major General Barry Cornish, commander of U.S. Air Forces Southern/12th Air Force
Primarily, we do security cooperation. We focus in the aerospace and cyber domains. Our planning assumptions and our campaign support plan mesh with SOUTHCOM’s [U.S. Southern Command] campaign planning and strategy.
U.S. Air Force Major General Barry Cornish, commander of U.S. Air Forces Southern/12th Air Force
Brigadier General Steven Ortega, commander of the Belize Defence Force
Our relationship with Mexico is very good. Presently, we offer Mexico overflight rights, so they can try to locate the illegal flights and try to identify where they could land, so we are in a better position to respond. We do combined patrols along the border with the Mexicans and it’s working excellently.
Brigadier General Steven Ortega, commander of the Belize Defence Force
Brigadier General Miguel Ángel Rivas Bonilla, deputy chief of the Salvadoran Armed Forces’ Joint Chiefs of Staff
We integrate in different ways to combat transnational organized crime on our borders. One of them is through the Central American Armed Forces Conference, where we build relationships based on mutual support and trust, a highlight of which is transnational border patrols.
Brigadier General Miguel Ángel Rivas Bonilla, deputy chief of the Salvadoran Armed Forces’ Joint Chiefs of Staff