Special Report

Russia Eyes Sudanese Gold To Fund War

Soon after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, a Russian cargo plane idled on a runway in Khartoum, Sudan.

According to CNN, the plane’s manifest claimed it was loaded with cookies. When inspectors boarded the plane to confirm its contents, they found some cookies. But beneath the cookies, they also found one ton of smuggled gold bound for Russia to help finance its war in Ukraine.

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Academia

The Evolution of PRC Engagement in Mexico
The Evolution of PRC Engagement in Mexico

This article was first published in Global Americans on August 24, 2022 Overview Mexico, despite its integration with the economy of the United States, as well as its historic distrust for and structural competition with the People’s Republic of China (PRC), is pursuing policies that are expanding options for that country, causing serious strategic implications for the United States and the region. Mexico has always shown strategic ambiguity with respect to the PRC. It was part of the first wave of Latin American countries to establish relations with the PRC, doing so in February 1972. Mexico was also one of [ … ]

Nicaragua: Dictatorship and Collaboration with Extra-Hemispheric US Rivals
Nicaragua: Dictatorship and Collaboration with Extra-Hemispheric US Rivals

This piece was originally published on the Center for Strategic and International Studies’ website, August 29, 2022 On June 9, 2022, Nicaragua’s Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) government renewed the authorization of Russian military forces to operate in the country. In doing so, it reminded the United States and the hemisphere that the dictatorial regime of Daniel Ortega not only continues to abrogate the rights of its own people for democratic choice, free expression, and other fundamental human rights, but also serves as an entry point for the projection of threats into the region by extra-hemispheric rivals of the United [ … ]

Power and influence: Its applications in the military organizations of the brazilian army
Power and influence: Its applications in the military organizations of the brazilian army

1 INTRODUCTION The dynamics and complexity of human interaction are increasingly being studied in order to achieve results and effectiveness in actions. However, leaders from all sectors of society face difficulties in overcoming these challenges in a world in constant transformation, where people are increasingly more distant and at the same time so close to each other. Information and the situation changes every day, and it is critical to be able to respond to today's dynamic transitions. In this context, having militaries that can excel in today's complex operating environments, in the face of hard-to-define threats and uncertain objectives, is [ … ]

China’s Use of Soft Power in Support of its Strategic Engagement in Latin America
China’s Use of Soft Power in Support of its Strategic Engagement in Latin America

Introduction The People’s Republic of China’s (PRC) expanding engagement and presence in Latin America and the Caribbean has captured the attention of political and business leaders and the people of the region, as well as the United States. Although the PRC’s engagement and use of “soft power” has political, cultural, security and other dimensions, the attention that the PRC commands in the region is arguably driven primarily by the pace of China’s rise, and the lure of benefiting from China through engagement and business. For Latin America and the Caribbean, the PRC’s rise has been most directly felt through the [ … ]

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U.S. Air Force Major General Barry Cornish, commander of U.S. Air Forces Southern/12th Air Force
Primarily, we do security cooperation. We focus in the aerospace and cyber domains. Our planning assumptions and our campaign support plan mesh with SOUTHCOM’s [U.S. Southern Command] campaign planning and strategy.
U.S. Air Force Major General Barry Cornish, commander of U.S. Air Forces Southern/12th Air Force
Brigadier General Steven Ortega, commander of the Belize Defence Force
Our relationship with Mexico is very good. Presently, we offer Mexico overflight rights, so they can try to locate the illegal flights and try to identify where they could land, so we are in a better position to respond. We do combined patrols along the border with the Mexicans and it’s working excellently.
Brigadier General Steven Ortega, commander of the Belize Defence Force
Brigadier General Miguel Ángel Rivas Bonilla, deputy chief of the Salvadoran Armed Forces’ Joint Chiefs of Staff
We integrate in different ways to combat transnational organized crime on our borders. One of them is through the Central American Armed Forces Conference, where we build relationships based on mutual support and trust, a highlight of which is transnational border patrols.
Brigadier General Miguel Ángel Rivas Bonilla, deputy chief of the Salvadoran Armed Forces’ Joint Chiefs of Staff