UAVs in Public Security and Civil Defense (Part III, last)
By Dialogo August 29, 2012
In 2011, the São Paulo State Military Police (PMESP) began to use the domestically manufactured unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) Tiriba. Like the Lanu III, it comes equipped with an electric engine, displays similar performance, and is manually launched. The institution has been using the Tiriba in a rural atmosphere, especially for environmental protection. The PMESP trained 15 officers, providing classes in simulators and practices in the Aeronautical Engineering Department of the University of São Paulo (USP – São Carlos). In the same year, there was a simulated road accident assistance exercise, where they mocked a toxic spill, with the participation of firefighters.
Rio Grande do Sul
In 2010, the Military Brigade of Rio Grande do Sul began to test the multi-engine UAVs during soccer games, similarly to what was done the same year as the Libertadores Cup soccer tournament, as well as at a local championship. It was also tested at the International Animal Exhibition – EXPOINTER, one of the most important and biggest agricultural trade fairs put on annually in Brazil.
In 2011, during the 20th National Onion Party in the town of Ituporanga, Santa Catarina state, the Military Police partnered with the Federal University, to successfully test two fixed-wing UAV models. One was the “flying wing” type and the other had a conventional design.
The Federal Police Department (DPF) operates two UAVs that are on a base in the town of São Miguel do Iguaçu, in the state of Paraná. When available, these aircraft monitor the borders, particularly to combat drug trafficking and smuggling. The DPF intends to use the UAVs in upcoming large sporting events, and is now seeking to acquire 12 more of these aircraft.
Some Important Actions
The initiatives in the field of UAVs in Brazil must be valued by the three spheres of government, including the possibility of reinforcing the National Defense Strategy. On the legislation topic, the Brazilian Air Force authorities are open to join forces with the Brazilian Police in support of public security and civil defense operations within their domains. Despite the restrictions on the use of these aircraft in highly populated areas, the rules may be revised by the regional aerial space control organizations, of which many state military institutions are already taking advantage. Regarding the training of UAV pilots, the Military Police will use the experience of the Brazilian Army and the Marines, where the pilots of their mini-UAVs, or tactics, are not required to be officers, and in the majority of the cases are privates (according to the division of the Brazilian Army). In any case, they are all required to take the same classes as the members of the forces, in order to create the proper military police doctrine.
The state security officers may create work groups to exchange experiences with the Center for Excellency in Development of Embedded Systems for UAVs and Mobile Tactic Robots, to support surveillance of our borders, without forgetting the national industry, to develop unmanned systems that may meet the national needs.