Illicit Trafficking Beyond Borders
By Dialogo January 01, 2010We really have to sell it because in this country full of corruption, we work very hard to get minimum wage. I am very interested in the topic, please can you send me more information on the topic. it is my social research project IF PEOPLE WITH A GOOD FINANTIAL SITUATION BOUGHT KIDNEYS THAT â€“R E D U C E â€“ THE WAITING LINE SAVING MORE PEOPLE, MOSTLY THE POOREST ONES. IS IT A DOCTORâ€™S LIE THAT A PERSON ONLY NEEDS ONE KIDNEY TO HAVE A NORMAL LIFE? A MAN WHO DIES AND LETS A 35 YEARS OLD WIDOW (WHO WILL DIE ONLY AT 80 YEARS OLD â€“ STANDARD IN BRAZIL), WILL COST THE STATE MORE THAN US$ 300,000 ON A MONTHLY PENSION.WHY DONâ€™T GOVERNMENTS DONâ€™T ESTABLISH A PRICE FOR EXAMPLE US$ 20.000 FOR A KIDNEY DONATION? IF IT IS SO IMORAL TO SELL A KIDNEY WHY NOT DONATE IT, ITâ€™S NOT IF THE EFFECT FOR THE DONOR AND RECEPTOR IS THE SAME IN BOTH CASES. WHY DOES A MAN FIGHT FOR MONEY ALL HIS LIFE AND CALLS IT UNETHICAL TO SELL A KIDNEY? BECAUSE IT IS MORALLY NICER FOR A PERSON TO D I E THAN TO PURCHASE A KIDNEY. BECAUSE IF A PERSON CANâ€™T BUY A KIDNEY AND L I V E S WILL BRING A LOT OF HAPPYNESS FOR HIS/HER CHILDREN, RELATIVES AND FRIENDS. HELP ME TO UNDERSTAND THE MIND OF PEOPLE IN THIS PLANET ANSWERING EACH QUESTION I ASKED I am sure that what one wants the most is to help and stop other peopleâ€™s pain and suffering. But suddenly we face a desperate situation. And you are not capable of harming anybody, unless you need yourself to get rid of that very desperate and dead end situation. I've wanted to donate a kidney for more than 29 years. firstname.lastname@example.org
Trafficking in organs
Organ trafficking around the world has tripled in the last decade due to demand not met by legitimate sources, according to the World Health Organization, or WHO. It estimates that one-fifth of the 70,000 kidneys transplanted worldwide annually are purchased on the black market. Organs from living donors are preferred because recipients live twice as long as recipients with transplants from cadavers; this also drives up the market price, Newsweek reported.
Traffickers will buy organs from donors in desperate need of money. Newsweek found that brokers may offer a donor as little as $100 and charge up to $160,000 to wealthy dialysis patients around the world. Other organs in demand include livers, eyes, skin, heart valves and blood.
In countries such as Brazil, South Africa and Moldova, organ donations are unregulated. Newspapers advertise the sale and solicitation of human body parts along with all-inclusive travel packages, surgery and hospitalization. Organ sales are illegal worldwide, except in Iran, where the practice of selling kidneys for profit is legal.
llicit transplant tourism services are offered in Colombia and Brazil. A Colombianbased organ transplant medical center, with a call center in the U.S., promised a healthy kidney or liver within 90 days for $100,000, the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review reported in 2007. Colombia’s official organ transplant reports estimate the waiting period for foreigners should be roughly 14 months.
Black market organs do not come only from voluntary donors. Sometimes people are forced to donate organs against their will. In Egypt, victims have gone in for routine medical examinations and left without a kidney, according to OnlineNursingPrograms.net. In India, some women have been forced by their husbands to sell their organs to contribute to the family’s income or daughter’s dowry, Newsweek reported. In Brazil, donors have sold their kidneys for $3,000 on average to an international human trafficking ring acting as a liaison for wealthy recipients in South Africa, Inter Press Service reported.
Several international organizations and governments — such as Brazil, South Africa, India and Moldova — have taken decisive action against the illicit trade or have banned transplants from living donors, according to the WHO. It has condemned the practice of selling human body parts, prohibited the advertisement of organs in exchange for money and established the principle of equality in terms of human organ donations.
The U.N. Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, which covers prevention, enforcement and sanctions in trafficking of humans, includes the extraction of organs in its definition of human exploitation. Nongovernmental organizations such as Organ Watch and the Coalition for Organ Failure Solutions say it is essential for civil society to be actively engaged in organ trafficking prevention and to universally recognize the practice as a medical human rights violation and a body tax on the poor.