Colombia’s Conflict in Figures
By Dialogo October 19, 2012
Colombian government negotiators and leftist FARC rebels met in Oslo on October 18 for peace talks aimed at ending the longest-running insurgency in Latin America.
Below, AFP presents the figures on the conflict, which involves both the FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) and a smaller leftist guerrilla group, the National Liberation Army (ELN).
Both rebel groups, as well as right-wing paramilitary fighters, are also involved in Colombia’s lucrative cocaine business.
- Around 600,000 people have been killed by the armed groups and security forces, according to the government organism responsible for monitoring the conflict.
- More than 2,000 people have been killed and 7,900 maimed by anti-personnel mines, according to the government.
- More than 15,000 victims of forced disappearances have been recorded over the past 30 years, according to a report from the UN office in Colombia.
- More than 3.7 million people have been displaced, according to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees.
- More than 660,000 hectares of land have been despoiled, according to Colombia’s Ministry of Agriculture.
- Colombia’s security forces add up to more than 430,000 members.
- The FARC, which has lost half of its guerrillas in 10 years, currently has 9,200 fighters, according to the Defense Ministry. The ELN has some 2,500 members.
- Hundreds of civilian hostages are believed to be in FARC’s custody.
- Between 2,000 and 3,000 guerrillas are currently in prison, according to a pro-peace non-governmental organization.
- Colombia’s defense and security budget has been officially fixed at 12.7 million dollars in 2012, accounting for 3.5% of the country’s revenue.
- The cost of the conflict represents between one and two points of revenue, according to the Colombian Finance Ministry.
Hello, I am a Chilean student, I see the process from the outside and the information given by this Forum confirms the need for a peace process.
I would like to know:
What are the expectations that Colombians have with regard to this process that is beginning?
Hi, we are students of Santiago de Chile, and we have been watching for several days this disturbing and interesting topic that takes place in Colombia. We cannot imagine the tension that is created when this topic is dealt with, which must be very frequently because of the current peace talks.
After reading this article and others, it is quite clear which is the goal that they want to reach in Colombia with the theme of peace. However, some doubts or questions remain that we want to ask about.
1.- What has happened to the 3.7 million people that were displaced? To which countries were they displaced to?
2.- According to these figures published:
Do you believe that in Colombia it is possible to reach a peace agreement or to reduce the tension that exists between the citizens and the FARC?
We count on your prompt response, because we are very interested in the issue and we want to be informed about what is happening both in Colombia and Latin America.