Mexican President Announces Plan to Restore Peace
By Dialogo December 19, 2012
Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto made a critical diagnosis over national public insecurity and introduced a plan to restore peace on December 17, including dividing Mexico into five operative regions, as well as creating a gendarmerie.
“Mexicans want a peaceful country,” Peña Nieto said to his security cabinet, state governors, legislative and justice representatives, and human rights observers.
The head of state set diminishing “homicides, kidnappings, and extortions,” as top priority, for which he promised to execute programs, efforts and budgets as necessary. “There will be no improvisation,” he claimed.
“Our national territory will be subdivided into five operative regions,” he added, and ordered the heads of different security corps to analyze every single area.
The president, who urged the establishment of an authentic state policy that functions based on shared responsibility away from party interests, also ordered the creation of a “national gendarmerie” with 10,000 elements.
Peña Nieto’s plan includes six main lines to fight crime: policy planning with clear goals, crime prevention by means of social security plans (for which he would dedicate resources worth $8,800 million dollars in 2013), respect for human rights, coordination and transformation of security institutions, and the evaluation of objectives.
In recent years, the capture and defeat of top criminals “caused a fragmentation process within criminal organizations that are currently operating with a different logic; we went from a scheme of vertical leadership to a horizontal one, which makes them more violent and dangerous,” said Miguel Ángel Osorio Chong, Secretary of Government (Interior) during the ceremony.
In Mexico, the homicide rate is similar to other countries in the Americas, although “we rank as one of the first worldwide due to the homicide growth rate,” expressed Osorio Chong, who said that only eight out of 100 crimes are reported in Mexico; however, only 15% of that is resolved, and only one out of 100 is punished.
Mexican Attorney General Jesús Murillo, assured that his institution “is dragging” a structure that bears no relation to the current reality, since it was built in “a disrupted way (…) causing an uncoordinated fragmentation that blocks and makes its execution and functioning outdated.”