Colombia Denounces Pact of Bogotá

By Dialogo
November 30, 2012

President Juan Manuel Santos announced on November 28 that Colombia has denounced the Pact of Bogotá after the recent ruling passed by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) over the border demarcation in the Caribbean with Nicaragua that is being questioned by Bogotá and has not taken effect yet.

“I have decided that the highest national interests require that territorial and maritime boundaries be established through treaties, as it has been the legal tradition in Colombia, and not by judgments handed down by the International Court of Justice. Therefore, Colombia denounced the Pact of Bogotá on November 27,” stated Santos in a public ceremony.

The head of state specified that Colombia has reported this decision to the Secretary General of the Organization of American States.

The Pact of Bogotá, signed by Colombia on April 30, 1948, committed the country to settle its border disputes with other countries in the region at the court of the United Nations.

On November 19, the ICJ resolved a dispute between Bogotá and Managua over the San Andrés archipelago by determining that all isles, islets and keys belong to Colombia, while demarcating new maritime borders, extending Nicaragua’s sovereignty on the Caribbean Sea, in an unappealable ruling.

However, Santos assured that with this complaint “Colombia is not expected to separate from peaceful mechanisms to settle disputes. In contrast, Colombia reiterates its commitment to always apply peaceful procedures,” he declared.