Lieutenant General Mark D. Kelly assumed command over the 12th Air Force, Air Combat Command and Air Forces Southern (AFSOUTH), U.S. Southern Command at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, in Tucson, Arizona, in October 2016. As such, Lt. Gen. Kelly oversees seven active duty wings and one direct reporting unit for contingency operations and 15 gained Air Reserve Component units totaling more than 360 aircraft and 20,300 Airmen. As the air and space component to U.S. Southern Command (SOUTHCOM), Air Forces Southern conducts security cooperation and provides air, space, and cyberspace capabilities throughout the 31 nations of Latin America and the Caribbean.
If you add the function of providing the same training to military and civilian personnel from defense industries across Latin America to that role, the task becomes even more daunting. But these roles have been gratifying for Colonel Herbert Jesús Viviano Carpio, director of the Center for International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights of the Armed Forces of Peru (CDIH-DDHH, per its Spanish acronym). He has focused on the training center’s mission to become an educational authority on human rights and international humanitarian law (IHL), not only within his own country’s military, but internationally. Since becoming director of the center in January 2015, Col. Viviano, who was commissioned as a second lieutenant upon graduation from Chorrillos Military Academy in 1985 and later became a lawyer, has worked with national and international institutions, planning, organizing, and training in an effort to make the center known as a leader and promoter of human rights around the continent.
The concept of multidimensional security was the subject of the III International Symposium on Security and Defense, held by the Peruvian Navy in Lima from September 12–15.
Transnational terrorism, regarded as a major threat to international security, is a very important issue on which we must reflect and seek appropriate responses and raise public awareness, which is a key element in the legitimacy of decision-making in democratic regimes. In this scenario, the role of the media has a decisive role in the success or failure in combating cyber-jihad. As we know, terrorism is not a recent phenomenon, the changes are the objectives, methods, resources used and, accordingly, in its strategic impact. Transnational terrorism, which recently appeared in the attacks in Istanbul, Paris, Brussels and Nice, characterizes this evolution. The scope is to bring about change in lifestyle and values of a democratic society, fostering terror through the use of large-scale violence and presenting the potential power to act globally. Methods are passed using transnational networks of contacts, often in association with organized crime and the recruitment of designated "foreign fighters," usually radicalized young people in a context of social disintegration in Western societies.
Networked threats in Latin America pose a danger to U.S. national security and erode stability in the region.
During the earthquake that devastated Port-au-Prince in January 2010, then-Colonel Ajax Porto Pinheiro commanded the Brazilian Battalion (BRABAT), which is part of the military contingent for the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH). Almost seven years later, Lieutenant General Ajax, currently MINUSTAH force commander, found himself literally in the eye of the storm again: Hurricane Matthew.
The vessel 'ARC 7 de Agosto' arrived in Haiti on October 11th, after traveling 660 nautical miles for 50 hours from Cartagena, Colombia. Designed to carry out such operations as patrols, maritime traffic control, search and rescue missions, peacekeeping operations, and environmental control, the ship has a helicopter, rescue team, and humanitarian aid aboard. Admiral Leonardo Santamaría Gaitán, commander of the Colombian Navy, spoke with Diálogo on October 11th about the solidarity that Colombia is showing for Haiti. Adm. Santamaría mentioned that the vessel dropped anchor in Port-au-Prince with 56 crewmembers, eight doctors, 21 members of the Colombian Navy’s Ground Search and Rescue Unit, and six members of the helicopter crew.
The Brazilian Air Force (FAB) actively participates in overseas peacekeeping missions, assisting victims and conducting search and rescue missions whenever disaster befalls the nation. It also often assists in related activities in neighboring countries.
As has become the tradition, the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB) was present at the South American Defense Conference (SOUTHDEC) 2016, which took place in Montevideo, Uruguay from August 16th -19th. The president of the Counsel of Delegates of the Inter-American Defense Board, Peruvian Navy Vice Admiral Gonzalo Ríos Polastri, briefed participants about the international organization, and, Diálogo leveraged his presence to talk to him about the role and concrete effects of the IADB in the region, among other topics.
The most important function of Colombia’s Armed Forces and Police, among the new duties being assumed by the military in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean, is the fight against drug trafficking. But a little over a year ago, the country signed an agreement with the United Nations to expand Colombia’s participation in international peacekeeping missions.
Gracias Peru has a long standing tradition of participating in peacekeeping missions; it is even a founding member of the Organization of the United Nations (UN). It was under the leadership of Peruvian UN Secretary General Javier Pérez de Cuéllar that the UN Peacekeeping Forces received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1988. Diálogo leveraged the participation of Peruvian Admiral Jorge Moscoso, chief of the Joint Command of the Armed Forces at the South American Defense Conference (SOUTHDEC) 2016, held in Montevideo, Uruguay, from August 16th to 19th, to to speak to him about these and other related topics.
The South American Defense Conference (SOUTHDEC) 2016 began with a moment of silence on August 17th in Montevideo, Uruguay, in honor of Uruguayan Air Force Captain Fernando Martín de Rebolledo and Second Lieutenant Gonzalo Correa, who perished in a tragic military helicopter accident the day prior. However, it was the first time that Uruguay hosted the conference, whose theme this year was "The evolution of the military role in Latin America." Diálogo talked to Army General Nelson Eduardo Pintos González, head of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for Defense of Uruguay, to discuss the main theme of SOUTHDEC 2016 and other related topics.