1964 Modern road machinery, such as the grader shown here, helped to develop access routes to Bolivia’s mountainous areas as part of the Alliance for Progress program in July 1964. Started three years before under U.S. President John F. Kennedy, the program’s objectives were to offer low- and zero-interest loans to countries across the hemisphere to promote economic, social and political development and to improve the standard of living of people in South and Central America and the Caribbean.

President Kennedy announced the program on March 13, 1961, to representatives from 22 countries across the hemisphere: “Only the most determined efforts of the American nations themselves can bring success to this effort. They, and they alone, can mobilize their resources, enlist the energies of their people, and modify their social patterns so that all, and not just a privileged few, share in the fruits of growth. If this effort is made, then outside assistance will give a vital impetus to progress; without it, no amount of help will advance the welfare of the people.”

By the time the program ended in 1973, it had helped to construct housing, schools, airports, hospitals, clinics and water-purification projects throughout Latin America as well as distribute free textbooks to students.

Sources: The Associated Press, U.S. Department of State, www.britannica.com.

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