Although Chile is not considered a major producer of illegal narcotics, it is a significant transit country for Andean cocaine shipments headed for Europe and the United States, according to the 2011 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report of the U.S. Department of State.
The South American nation is taking steps to prevent the entry and exit of drugs and contraband through its ports and borders. In October 2011, Defense Minister Andrés Allamand and Interior and Public Security Minister Rodrigo Hinzpeter led the launch of the Northern Border Plan initiative that seeks to fight organized crime in the regions of Arica, Parinacota, Tarapacá and Antofagasta.
The implementation of the plan will include purchasing fixed ground radars, a Coast Watcher Unit, as well as thermographic detection and command and control systems costing more than $5 billion.
Sources: Ministry of Defense of Chile, U.S. Department of State